Segregation of African Americans had been present in the United States since the early 1600s. In the midnineteenth century, African American leaders have proposed many different theories and methods to address the injustices posed by the white majority on to the black population. The individuals who led the fight against this discrimination were Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois, who took completely different approaches in order to deal with this unfair treatment of African Americans. Booker T. Washington, educator, reformer and the most influential black leader of his time (18561915) preached a philosophy of selfhelp, racial solidarity and accommodation. Washington took a more gradual approach toward black equality. He urged blacks to accept discrimination for the time being and concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material prosperity. He believed in education in the crafts, industrial and farming skills and the cultivation of the virtues of patience, enterprise and thrift. This, he said, would win the respect of whites and lead to African Americans being fully accepted as citizens and integrated into all strata of society. W.E.B. Du Bois, a towering black intellectual, scholar and political thinker (18681963) said noWashington's strategy would serve only to perpetuate white oppression. DuBois took a more immediate stance. He advocated political action and a civil rights agenda. In addition, he argued that social change could be accomplished by developing the small group of collegeeducated blacks he called "the Talented Tenth." Despite their differences, both Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois took steps to improve their fellow African Americans lives.
To start off with, shown by Document A, the school enrollment by race was much lower for blacks in the period before when you Washington and DuBois became a great impact on the ...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document