Group Dynamics in Psychology
Social- In my social group, it is clear that we are a collection of individuals guided by roles and norms. We, as friends, clearly influence each other, satisfy personal needs through association, and could be classified as a unit due to our common relation and degree of similiarity. I also notice a great degree of interdependence. That is, evnts affecting one Work- Contrastingly, in my work group, I don't find as much similarity and personal need fulfillment. In this group, I observe a greater emphasis on goal achievement. At work, we achieve goals that we would otherwise be unable to accomplish individually. I also recognize a sense of interdependence as we are all affected by changes involving any single employee.
a) Positive Interdependence Social: In my social group for example, we often help one another such that we are able to accomplish group
goals and wants. I remember one incident in high school wherein one of "our" friends had to paint his outside decking before he was able to do anything of leisure. Because we had made group plans, we all went over and helped with the painting. Had we not helped, we would not have achieved the group experience that we all wanted. Work: Because my work group is more goal oriented, positive interdependence plays a greater role in thiscontext. For example, at work we all have differenttasks that we must accomplish. I usually work the sales floor, write up sales and oversee operations while the other guys might be out delivering merchandise or unloading shipments from our distributers. We are all interdependent upon one another such that we are able to run a successful business. Our personal responsibilities exist only when all individuals accomplish theirgiven tasks.
Individual Accountability/ Social: Often times we, as a social group, make group plans. Personal Responsibility. For example, we recently planned a road trip during Spring Break and each of us took a role in theplanning. We each had a different job so to speak. One would map out the trip. Another would gather recreational information about our specific stops Another would locate motels at the stopping points and so on. From time to time we all shared our findings. We were held accountable by thegroup for our respective jobs. This accountability, I believe, increased each member's sense of responsibility. The ought factor was at work here.
Work: As previously mentioned, at work, we all have our specific jobs as delegated by our boss. In this forum the structure is much more formal. We are held accountable, minute by minute, for the successful completion of our specific tasks. Again, this in turn increases personal responsibility as we are constantly being evaluated. It is interesting to notice the increased tension in this environment, as the consequences for not carrying out one's taskssuccessfully are far more extreme than the peer pressure that might exist within a social group.
c) Promotive (Face-to Face) Social: Many times in the social realm, encouragement and Interaction positive feedback are necessary to complete goals. For example, as previously mentioned we as a group are planning a road trip during Spring BreakOften times when someone is neglecting their particular responsibilities I will encourage them and attempt to facilitate their task completion. It may be something as small as reminding them of great time that lies ahead but nevertheless, encouraging as it promotes the completion of the group goal. Work: At work, many times when it is just "us" there, that is, all the guys without the boss, accomplishing the group tasks become difficult. After all, we lack the pressure there that normally drives us. It is ironic that these are usually the days when we seem ...
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