To kill A Mockingbird

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To Kill a Mockingbird
Symbolism is the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities, and is used often in the book to help readers understand central themes throughout the novel. To Kill a Mockingbird has several symbols including Tim Johnson, the mad dog, who represents racism in Maycomb, Alabama, the mockingbird which represents innocence, and Jem, Tom Robinson and Boo Radley, who are essentially the mockingbirds of the story. The mad dog in To Kill a Mockingbird symbolizes racism in Maycomb. When Jem and Scout are outside and see Tim Johnson staggering towards them and roaming around the streets they run inside and get Calpurnia, or as Jem calls her, Cal. At first Cal thinks that Jem is playing with her, but when Cal goes outside and sees the dog. When she sees this Cal first calls Atticus Finch and tells him about Tim Johnson then she goes door to door telling the citizens that there is a mad dog loose. The townspeople shut their doors and windows and satay locked up inside the safety of their homes. Just like the people hide from Tim Johnson, they also avoid the issue of racism in the town. As quoted by Atticus “I hope and pray that I can get Jem and Scout through it all without bitterness, and most of all without catching Maycomb’s usual disease”.(Lee, #) The quote relates because just like racism, rabies is a contagious disease. Additionally Tim Johnson represents racism because Atticus is the only one in town who can shoot them, and is the one the defend Tom Robinson after he is accused of raping Mayella Ewell. Another symbol in the book is the mockingbird, which represents innocence. A character that is an example of this is Jem. Throughout the first part of the book his innocence has been used to help him. When Jem sees the mad dog he doesn’t understand exactly what is going on and why the citizens are so scared. After the trial he becomes more aware and realizes how because he strongly believes that Tom will win, he thought that the jury would...